A step-by-step ESDS study guide to:
National Diet and Nutrition Surveys
The National Diet and Nutrition Survey programme (NDNS) is a joint initiative, established
in 1992, between the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the Department of
Health. Responsibility for the programme transferred from MAFF to the Food Standards Agency
on the latter's establishment in April 2000.
The NDNS programme aims to provide a comprehensive cross-sectional picture of the dietary
habits and nutritional status of the population of Great Britain. It also contributes to the
health monitoring programme set out in the Government's White Paper, Saving lives: our healthier
nation. The NDNS programme is divided into four separate age groups: children aged 1.5 years
to 4.5 years (held at the UK Data Archive under SN 3481); young people aged 4 to 18
years (SN 4243); people aged 65 years and over (SN 4036), and adults aged 19 to 64
years (SN 5140).
The NDNS programme is intended to:
- provide detailed quantitative information on the food and nutrient intakes, sources of nutrients and nutritional status of the population under study as a basis for Government policy
- describe the characteristics of individuals with intakes of specific nutrients that are above and below the national average
- provide a database to enable the calculation of likely dietary intakes of natural toxicants, contaminants, additives and other food chemicals for risk assessment
- measure blood and urine indices that give evidence of nutritional status or dietary biomarkers and to relate these to dietary, physiological and social data
- provide height, weight and other measurements of body size on a representative sample of individuals and examine their relationship to social, dietary, health and anthropometric data as well as data from blood analyses
- monitor the diet of the population under study to establish the extent to which it is adequately nutritious and varied
- monitor the extent of deviation of the diet of specified groups of the population from that recommended by independent experts as optimum for health, in order to act as a basis for policy development
- help determine possible relationships between diet and nutritional status and risk factors in later life
- assess physical activity levels of the population under study
- provide information on oral health in relation to dietary intake and nutritional status
Method for National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years, 2000-2001
The survey of adults aged 19 to 64 years aimed to collect data on diet through a questionnaire
and a seven-day weighed intake record for a nationally representative sample living in private
households in Great Britain. The study also included a seven-day bowel movement record, a
seven-day physical activity diary, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, a 24-hour
urine sample and a blood sample. The Food Standards Agency nutrient databank, which is used
to convert food weights into nutrient intake, has also been deposited with this study.
2,251 respondents completed the dietary interview and 1,724 the seven-day dietary record.
Two groups of datasets are included in the study: primary datasets containing data in
the format originally collected, and derived datasets. These can be downloaded as SPSS,
Stata or in tab-delimited format.
The primary data includes dietary data from the food diary at four levels: person level,
day level (seven days were collected per diary), container level (this is a group of foods
consumed together at the same serving) and food item level. Also included are data from the
seven-day physical activity diary for and the keyed anthropometric and blood pressure data.
There is also a file of blood and urine analyte data and a copy of the Food Standards Agency
nutrient database which is used to convert food weights into nutrient intake.
The derived datasets provided include average nutrient intake for each person, intake of
food sub-groups, nutrient intakes at the food item level and average daily intake of each
of 55 nutrients from different food types. In addition, files are provided containing the
key derived variables for the initial dietary interview, blood and urinary analytes,
physical measurements and variables derived from the physical activity diary data.
Related datasets held by ESDS
- SN 5140 -National Diet and Nutrition Survey : Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years, 2000-2001
- SN 4243 -National Diet and Nutrition Survey : Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years, 1997
- SN 4036 - National Diet and Nutrition Survey : People Aged 65 Years and Over, 1994-1995
- SN 3481 - National Diet, Nutrition and Dental Survey of Children Aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 Years, 1992-1993
- SN 3759 - Infant Feeding in Asian Families, 1994-1996; Waves 1-5
- SN 33251 - Infant Feeding Survey, 1985-now
- SN 2836 - Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults, 1986-1987
- SN 2657 - Schoolchildren's Dietary Survey, 1983
A number of reports are available to download from the Food Standard Agency at:
The main published outcomes arising from SN 5140 -National Diet and Nutrition Survey : Adults Aged
19 to 64 Years, 2000-2001 study, by the Principal Investigators and from secondary analysis can be
E33275 - National Diet and Nutrition Surveys