Dataset description and subject
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Industrial
Statistics Databases contain data broken down by country, industry and year
for the following variables (units in brackets):
- number of establishments (number)
- employment (number)
- wages and salaries (current national currency and US dollars)
- output (current national currency and US dollars)
- value added (current prices, national currency and US dollars)
- gross fixed capital formation (current national currency and US dollars)
- number of female employees (number)
- index of industrial production (INDSTAT3 only) (1995 =
All value data are presented in national currency and US dollar values at
current prices. UNIDO converts the data from national currency into current
U.S. dollars using the average period exchange rates as given in the IMF International
Financial Statistics (IFS) under series rf.
The databanks are built around the International
Standard Industries Classification (ISIC) code system, which classifies
industry broadly along product lines (such as food, textiles, iron and steel).
The ISIC code is covers all areas of economic activity but the UNIDO databanks
only relate to the manufacturing section of the code. The code is organised
hierarchically with each level containing an increasing level of detail. For
example, manufacturing is subdivided into around 20 categories at the 2 digit level, 30 categories at the 3 digit level
and 81 categories at the 4 digit level. ISIC levels beyond 4 have been discontinued. See the UN Statistical Divisions's Classifications Registry at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/default.asp?Lg=1 for further detailed information on ISIC code system.
UNIDO currently produces the following Industrial Statistics Databases:
- INDSTAT4 - in this database, data are arranged at both 3 and 4-digit level of ISIC All Economic Activities
Revision 3, and at the 4-digit level, Revision 2.
- INDSTAT2 - in this database, data are arranged at the 2-digit level of ISIC All Economic Activities Revision 3. Data are presented in the same format as INDSTAT4, together with metadata information.
In previous years, UNIDO produced INDSTAT3, a database based on the 3-digit
level, Revision 2 of the code but this database was discontinued by UNIDO
in 2007 as countries moved to the newer revision of the code -
ESDS International has maintained access to the last edition of this historical database
(the 2006 release) in the Beyond 20/20 interface.
INDSTAT2 is derived from the two pre-existing databases INDSTAT3 Rev 2 (now discontinued) and INDSTAT4 by ISIC Rev2 and Rev3. INDSTAT2 2010 combines historical time series data from 1963 to 2008 for 161 countries and is the largest industrial statistics database of its kind. Unlike others presented by different classification standards for different time periods, INDSTAT2 provides data by a single classification standard for more than 40 years, which makes it particularly valuable for long-term structural analysis. As with INDSTAT4, INDSTAT2 presents data for seven principle indicators (number of establishments, employment, wages and salaries, output, value added, gross fixed capital formation and number of female employees).
UNIDO Industrial Statistics Database versions summary table
|ISIC level and Revision
||Countries Covered (2010)
|INDSTAT3: Level 3 ISIC, Revision 2 (now discontinued).
||1963 - 2004
||180 countries covered
|INDSTAT4: Level 4 ISIC, Revision 2
||116 countries covered
|INDSTAT4: Levels 3 and 4 ISIC, Revision 3
||122 countries covered
|INDSTAT2: Level 2 ISIC, Revision 3
||161 countries covered
Some countries report data for more than one ISIC sector combined. For example,
Zambia reports data for beverages and tobacco together as a single sector.
This is indicated in the database by a footnote number in brackets in the
data cell. The footnote below the Beyond 20/20 table gives the corresponding
ISIC combination code.
Four major sources have been used in compiling and cleaning the data contained
in the UNIDO database. First, industry data reported in country questionnaires
are included. National publications for industrial censuses, annual surveys
and input-output tables are the second. Thirdly, international sources, both
published and unpublished, have been used. Finally, a fourth source has been
national data compiled by statisticians engaged by UNIDO to work in specific
countries. Furthermore, the data have been supplemented with UNIDO estimates.
Data for OECD member countries are collected by OECD through OECD/UNIDO joint
country questionnaires and provided to UNIDO for inclusion in the database. Please check the UN's Glossary of Classification Terms or see the standard concepts and definitions used in the UNIDO Industrial
Statistics Databanks below:
Number of establishments
For most countries and areas represented, the data shown relate to the activity
of "establishments" in the specified industries rather than
any other type of industrial unit. In a few cases, however, the concepts of
"kind-of-activity unit", "local unit" or "enterprise" are found. An "establishment"
is ideally a unit that engages, under a single ownership or control, in one,
or predominantly one, kind of activity at a single location; for example,
workshop or factory. A "kind-of-activity unit" differs from the establishment
in that there is no restriction with respect to the geographical area in which
a given kind of activity is carried out by a single legal entity. A "local
unit", on the other hand, comprises all activities carried out under a single
ownership or control at a single location and differs from the establishment-type
of unit in that there is no restriction on the range of these activities.
An "enterprise" is a legal entity possessing the right to conduct business
in its own name; for example, to enter into contracts, own property, incur
liability for debts, and establish bank accounts.
Number of employees
The number of persons engaged is defined as the total number of persons who
worked in or for the establishment during the reference year. However, home
workers are excluded. The concept covers working proprietors, active business
partners and unpaid family workers as well as employees. The figures reported
refer normally to the average number of persons engaged during the reference
year, obtained as the sum of the andquot;average number of employeesandquot; during
the year and the total number of other persons engaged measured for a single
period of the year. The number of employees is including
all persons engaged other than working proprietors, active business partners
and unpaid family workers.
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries include all payments in cash or in kind
paid to andquot;employeesandquot; during the reference year in relation to work
done for the establishment. Payments include: (a) direct wages and salaries;
(b) remuneration for time not worked; (c) bonuses and gratuities; (d) housing
allowances and family allowances paid directly by the employer; and (e) payments
in kind. Excluded are employers contributions in respect of their employees
paid to social security, pension and insurance schemes, as well as the benefits
received by employees under these schemes and severance and termination pay.
The measure of output normally reported is the census concept,
which covers only activities of an industrial nature. The value of census
output in the case of estimates compiled on a production basis comprises:
(a) the value of all products of the establishment; (b) the net change between
the beginning and the end of the reference period in the value of work in
progress and stocks of goods to be shipped in the same condition as received;
(c) the value of industrial work done or industrial services rendered to others;
(d) the value of goods shipped in the same condition as received less the
amount paid for these goods; and (e) the value of fixed assets produced during
the period by the unit for its own use. In the case of estimates compiled
on a shipment basis, the net change in the value of stocks of finished goods
between the beginning and the end of the reference period is also included.
Gross output is equivalent to census output plus the revenue from activities
of a non-industrial nature. Valuation may be in factor cost, excluding all
indirect taxes falling on production and including all current subsidies received
in support of production activity, or in producers' prices, including all
indirect taxes and excluding all subsidies.
The measure of value added normally reported is the census
concept, which is defined as the value of census output less the value of
census input, which covers: (a) value of materials and supplies for production
(including cost of all fuel and purchased electricity); and (b) cost of industrial
services received (mainly payments for contract and commission work and repair
and maintenance work). If input estimates are compiled on a andquot;receivedandquot;
rather than on a andquot;consumedandquot; basis, the resu< needs to be adjusted
for the net change between the beginning and the end of the period in the
value of stocks of materials, fuel and other supplies. Total value added is
the national accounting concept. It is ideally represented by the contribution
of the establishments in each branch of activity to the gross domestic product.
For the measure of total value added, the cost of non -industrial services
is deducted from and the receipts for non-industrial services are added to
census value added. The estimates, whether in terms of census value added
or total value added, may be gross of depreciation and other provisions for
capital consumption. The valuation may be in factor cost or in producers'
prices, depending on the treatment of indirect taxes and subsidies.
Gross fixed capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation refers to the value of purchases and own-account
construction of fixed assets during the reference year less the value of corresponding
sales. The fixed assets covered are those (whether new or used) with a productive
life of one year or more. These assets, which are intended for the use of
the establishment include fixed assets made by the establishment's own labour
force for its own use. Major additions, alterations and improvements to existing
assets which extend their normal economic life or raise their productivity
are also included. New fixed assets include all those that have not been previously
used in the country. Thus, newly imported fixed assets are considered new
whether or not used before they were imported. Used fixed assets include all
those that have been previously used within the country. Transactions in fixed
assets include: (a) land; (b) buildings, other construction and land improvements;
(c) transport equipment; and (d) machinery and other equipment. Assets acquired
from others are valued at purchasers' prices, which cover all costs directly
connected with the acquisition and installation of the items for use. In principle,
assets produced on own account are also valued in this manner. However, it
may frequently be necessary to value such own-account production at explicit
cost, including any imputations that may be required in respect of the employed
own account labour. Assets produced by one establishment of a multi-establishment
enterprise for the use of another establishment of the same enterprise should
be valued by the receiving establishment as though purchased from outside
the enterprise. Sales of assets should be valued at the actual amounts realized
rather than at book values.
Index numbers of industrial production
The indexes in the tables are compiled from national indexes that are calculated
by use of the Laspeyres formula. The comparison base year is 1995. However,
if different base years are used in any countries, the national indexes are
converted to the comparison base year.
UNIDO on Beyond 20/20
ESDS International's delivery software is Beyond 20/20 Web Data Server. UNIDO data has been loaded with the following
footnote and missing value information:
Both '-' and '...' indicate that no data is available.
Numbered footnotes are displayed in brackets within data cells in the Beyond
20/20 web interface. The key at the bottom of the report identifies which
ISIC combination code the footnote refers to. For example, in the Industrial
Statistics database, 3-digit level, revision 2 a data cell shown with (11)
refers to combination code 361B . The 3-digit
level, revision 2 ISIC combination codes list in the annex of the INDSTAT4 User guides (see documentation section) can be used to identify
which ISIC codes make up the combination code, i.e. 361B - 361 362 369. The industries
which make up this combination code can then be checked using the UN's ISIC
codes revision 2 list, under Division: 36 - Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products, except Products of Petroleum and Coal, i.e. 361 - Manufacture of pottery, china and earthenware, 362 - Glass and products
and 369 - Other non-metallic mineral products.
The United Nations Statistics Division produce the following information:
The methods used and the extent to which comparability and consistency have
been achieved to date are described in the UNIDO Industrial Statistics
Database - Methodological Notes (IRD/R.11) available in [pdf] format.
Industrial Statistics pages contain an overview of the databases and related
The UNIDO Industrial Statistics hosted by ESDS International are delivered via Beyond 20/20 WDS. A worked example using Beyond 20/20 WDS with UNIDO data has been developed.
Note: You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader software to
read documents in pdf format. It can be downloaded free of charge from the Adobe website.
Accessing the UNIDO Industrial Statistics Databases
To access the ESDS International macro-economic datasets you must be a user from a UK higher or further education institution. We cannot provide data to users outside of this community due to the data re-distribution license agreements we have with our data providers. If you are a member of a UK higher or further education institution access to the macro-economic datasets is provided free of charge.
Access to data requires ESDS registration and uses the federated access management authentication system. Registration is a simple online process - go to the How to Register web page at www.esds.ac.uk/aandp/access/access.asp to begin the process.
Once you have registered with ESDS and attempt to access one of the macro-economic datasets, you will automatically be prompted to agree to additional dataset specific conditions if they apply.
Countries in the UNIDO Industrial Statistics Databases
The UNIDO Industrial Statistics are presented in four separate databases,
covering up to 180 countries worldwide. Refer to UNIDO's INDSTAT User Guides for full details:
Periodicity and Time Range
The UNIDO Industrial Statistics Databases contains annual time series data.
The start date varies by ISIC level and ISIC Revision. Data at level 3, Revision
2 of the code starts in 1963 and ends in 2004. Data at level 4, Revision 2
of the code starts from 1981 and runs to the latest available. Data reported
at Revision 3 of the code starts in 1990 and runs to the latest available. The newest database has the longest time coverage - INDSTAT2 with data reported at Revision 3 starts in 1963 to the present day.
Coverage is not complete for all years, countries and sectors in these databases.
The UNIDO Industrial Statistics Databases at ESDS International are updated
annually. See the latest data update page for further information.