|By Principal Investigator(s):|
|Employment Department (-July 1995), Employment Gazette, London: HMSO, monthly.|
Department for Education and Employment and Central Statistical Office (August-October 1995), Employment Gazette, monthly.
Central Statistical Office (November 1995-March 1996) Labour Market Trends (incorporating Employment Gazette), monthly.
Office for National Statistics (April 1996- ) Labour Market Trends (incorporating Employment Gazette), monthly. From 2001 onwards, this publication can be accessed online via the ONS Labour Market Trends Archive.
Employment Department (1992-April 1995) Labour Force Survey Quarterly Bulletin.
Central Statistical Office (July 1995-1996) Labour Force Survey Quarterly Bulletin, quarterly.
Employment Department (1992-April 1995) Labour Force Survey Rapid Release, quarterly.
Central Statistical Office (July 1995-1996) Labour Force Survey Rapid Release, quarterly.
Office for National Statistics (1999) What exactly is the Labour Force Survey?, London: ONS.
Madouros, V. (2006) Impact of the switch from seasonal to calendar quarters in the Labour Force Survey, London: ONS. Retrieved December 14, 2007 from: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/labour_market_trends/CQ_article.pdf
|Resulting from Secondary Analysis:|
|Blanchflower, D. and Oswald, A., (1993) International wage curves, CEP Discussion Paper No. 116, February.|
Arber, S. and Evandrou, M., (1993) `Mapping the territory ' IN S. Arber and M. Evandrou (eds.) Ageing, independence and the life course, Jessica Kingsley.
Felstead, A., Green, F. (1993) Cycles of training? Evidence from the British recession of the early 1990s, Discussion Papers in Economics, No. 93/3, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
Meager. N., Court, J. and Moralee, J., (1994) Self-employment and the distribution of income, Institute of Manpower Studies Report No. 270.
Peggs, K., Will you still feed me when I'm 64?, Paper for presentation to the British Sociological Association Annual Conference, University of Central Lancashire, March 28th to 31st, 1994.
Glover, J. and Arber, S., Polarisation in mothers' employment : occupational class, age of youngest child, employment rights and work-hours, Paper presented to the Work, Employment and Society conference, University of Kent, UK, September 12-14 1994.
Siora, G. and Pitcher, J., (1994) The nature, extent and demand for management skills in the East Midlands, Final Report, Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick, October.
Gregg, P. and Wadsworth, J., (1995) `A short history of labour turnover, job tenure, and job security, 1975-93' Oxford Review of Economic Policy 11(1), pp.73-90.
Glover, J. and Arber, S., (1995) `Polarization in mothers' employment' Gender, Work and Organization 2(4), October, pp.165-179.
Dex, S. and McCulloch, A. (1995) Flexible employment in Britain: a statistical analysis, Research Discussion Series No.15, Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission.
Glover, J., Smeaton, D. and Fielding, J., (1995) Gender and science, engineering and technology (SET) project, Memorandum submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology.
Felstead, A., (1996) `Identifying gender inequalities in the distribution of vocational qualifications in the UK' Gender, Work and Organization 3(1), January, pp.38-50.
Glover, J., Fielding, J., and Smeaton, D. (1996) `What happens to women and men with SET degrees?' Labour Market Trends 104(2), February, pp.63-67.
Blundell, R., Magnac, T., and Meghir, C. (1996) Savings and labour market transitions, Working Paper No. W96/5, April, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Machin, S., Ryan, A., and Van Reenen, J. (1996) Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from an international panel of industries, Working Paper No. W96/6, April, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Drinkwater, S. and Leslie, D. (1996) Adult earnings variables to the SARs: accounting for the ethnicity effect, Department of Economics, Manchester Metropolitan University.
Employment Policy Institute (1996) `Introducing the employment audit' Employment Audit 1, Summer.
Felstead, A. (1996) `Homeworking in Britain: the national picture in the mid-1990s' Industrial Relations Journal 27(3), September, pp.225-238.
Felstead, A. (1996) `Training implications of regulation compliance and business cycles' in A. Booth and D.J. Snowner (eds.) Acquiring skills: market failures, their symptoms and policy responses, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alpin, C., Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. Employee self-financed training in Britain : some summary data from the Labour Force Survey, paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists. Education, Training and the Labour Market Research Group, University of Westminster, 1996.
Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. (1996) `The determinants of NVQ acquisition'Education Economics.
Shackleton, J.R. and Walsh, S. (1996) The determinants of self-financed work-related education and training, Research Working Paper Series 2: No.13, Faculty of Business, Management and Social Studies, University of Westminster.
Urwin, P. (1996) Older workers - an opportunity for London's businesses?, Labour Market Briefing, University of Westminster and London Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Urwin, P. and Alpin, C. (1996) Atypical employment in the capital, Labour Market Briefing, University of Westminster and London Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Smeaton, D., Glover, J. and Fielding, J. (1997) 'Recent trends in women's representation in science and engineering' Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 3(1).
Dawe, F. and Knight, I. (1997) 'A study of proxy response on the Labour Force Survey' Survey Methodology Bulletin no. 40, p.30-36.
Tate, P. (1997) 'Data on households and families from the Labour Force Survey (special report)' Labour Market Trends 105(3), March, p.89-98.
Felstead, A., Krahn, H., Powell, M. (1997) Contrasting fortunes across the life course : non-standard work among women and men in Canada and the United Kingdom, CLMS Working Paper No.17, Centre for Labour Market Studies, Leicester University, May.
Tate, P. Utilising longitudinally linked data from the Labour Force Survey, paper presented to the Labour Market Statistics User Group seminar, 8th July 1997.
Gasson, R. (1997) Educational attainment levels of farmers, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Wye College, University of London, July.
Brauns, H., Mueller, W. and Steinmann, S. (1997) Educational expansion and returns to education : a comparative study on Germany, France, the UK and Hungary, Arbeitspapiere ABI/Nr.23, Mannheimer Zentrum fuer Europaeische Sozial Forschung, Germany.
Waldfogel, J., Higuchi, Y. and Abe, M. (1998) Maternity leave policies and women's employment after childbirth : evidence from the United States, Britain and Japan, CASEpaper CASE/3, January, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Urwin, P. (1998) London as a business centre - the skills and experience base, School of Economic and Business Studies, University of Westminster.
Gasson, R. (1998) `Educational attainment levels of UK farmers - a review' European Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 4(4), pp.231-242.
Canty, A.J. and Davison, A.C. (1998) Resampling-based variance estimation for labour force surveys, Department of Mathematics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 9th.
Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (1998) 'The earnings of male immigrants in England : evidence from the quarterly LFS' Applied Economics, 30, pp.1157-1168.
Papasolomontos, C. and Christie, T. (1998) 'Using national surveys : a review of secondary analyses with special reference to education' Educational Research, 40(3), Winter, pp.295-309.
Dickens, R. and Machin, S. (1998) 'Minimum wage: maximum impact?' CentrePiece, 3(3), pp.10-13, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics.
Machin, S. and Gregg, P. (1998) Child development and success or failure in the youth labour market Discussion Paper 397, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Urwin, P., Shackleton, J. and Kramer, S. (1998) 'People, skills and experience' IN London as an international business centre, Kogan Page, pp.53-77. ISBN 0749425431.
Gasteen, A. and Houston, J. (1998) 'Income tax varying powers and the Scottish labour market' Fraser of Allender Quarterly Economic Commentary, 23(2).
Gasteen, A., Asenova, D. and Houston, J. (1999) 'Implications of labour market restructuring on the Scottish Parliament's finances' Proceedings of 1st Scottish Trade Union Research Network Conference, July.
Gasteen, A., Houston, J. and Asenova, D. (1999) 'Labour market flexibility and the public finances' IN L.Funk (ed), The economics and politics of the Third Way: essays in honour of Eric Owen Smith, LIT Verlag. ISBN 3825843408.
Gasteen, A., Houston, J. and Asenova, D. (1999) 'Structural change in the Scottish labour market and the new parliament's income tax varying powers' Public Money and Management, 19(4), October-December.
Felstead, A., Krahn, H. and Powell, M. (1999) 'Young and old at risk: comparative trends in 'non-standard' patterns of employment in Canada and the United Kingdom' International Journal of Manpower, 20(5), pp.277-296.
Campbell, N. (1999) The decline of employment among older people in Britain, CASEpaper 19 (and CASEbrief 9), Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion, STICERD, London School of Economics.
Labour Research Department London Allowance : further inquiries, paper presented to the Metropolitan Police Federation, June 1999.
Manning, A. (1999) Pretty vacant: recruitment in low-wage labour markets, Discussion Paper 418, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Taylor, P. and Urwin, P. (1999) 'Recent trends in the labour force participation of older people in the UK' The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, 24(4), pp.551-579.
Urwin, P. and Shackleton, J.R. (1999) 'Search methods and transitions into employment and inactivity' International Journal of Manpower, 20(3/4), pp.189-230.
Alpin, C., Shackleton, J.R. and Urwin, P. (1999) Strength through diversity: ethnic minorities in London's economy, London Skills Forecasting Unit, London: London TEC Council.
Fielding, J. and Glover, J. (1999) 'Women science graduates in Britain: the value of secondary analysis of large scale data sets' Work, Employment and Society, 13(2), pp.353-367.
Glover, J. and Fielding, J. (1999) 'Women and the sciences in Britain: getting in?' Journal of Education and Work, 12(1), pp.57-73.
Burgess, S. et al (1999) The class of '81: the effects of early-career unemployment on subsequent unemployment experiences, CASEpaper 32, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Green, F., McIntosh, S. and Vignoles, A. (1999) 'Overeducation' and skills - clarifying the concepts, Discussion Paper 435, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science. ISBN 0753013061.
Glover, J. (2000) Women and scientific employment, London: Macmillan. ISBN 0333683188.
Carmichael, F. and Woods, R. (2000) 'Ethnic penalties in unemployment and occupational attainment: evidence for Britain' International Review of Applied Economics, 14(1).
Felstead, A. et al (2000) A statistical portrait of working at home in the UK: evidence from the Labour Force Survey, Working Paper No.4, ESRC Future of Work Programme, Swindon: ESRC.
Egerton, M. (2000) 'Monitoring contemporary student flows and characteristics: secondary analyses using the Labour Force Survey and the General Household Survey' Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A 163, Part 1, pp.63-80.
Metcalf, D., Hansen, K. and Charlwood, A. (2001) 'Unions and the sword of justice: unions and pay systems, pay inequality, pay discrimination and low pay', offprint from WERS Dissemination Service.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R., Robinson, H. and Wass, V. (2002) 'Court awards of damages for loss of future earnings: An empirical study and an alternative method of calculation', Journal of Law and Society, 29, pp.406-435.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2002) 'A new way to assess damages for loss of future earnings', New Law Journal, pp.1042-3.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2002) 'Methods for calculating damages for loss of future earnings', Journal of Personal Injury Litigation, 2, pp.151-165.
Bailey, M. F. (2003) 'The labour market participation of Northern Ireland university students' Applied Economics, 35, pp.1345-1350.
Felstead, A., Jewson, N. and Walters, S. (2003) The changing place of work, ESRC Future of Work Programme Working Paper No.28, Centre for Labour Market Studies, University of Leicester, 24 June.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R. and Wass, V. (2003) 'The calculation of damages for personal injury in respect of loss of future earnings', Insurance Research and Practice, 18(1), pp.4-7.
Lewis, R., McNabb, R., Robinson, H. and Wass, V. (2003) 'Loss of earnings following personal injury: Do the courts adequately compensate injured parties?', Economic Journal, 113 (491), pp.568-584.
Chevalier, A. and Viitanen, T. (2003) 'The causality between female labour force participation and the supply of childcare', Applied Economics Letters, 9, pp.915-918.
Chevalier, A. et al. (2004) 'Does education raise productivity, or just reflect it?', Economic Journal, 114, F499-F517.
Chevalier, A. et al. (2005) 'Parental education, income and child's education', IZA, DP 1496.
Felstead, A., Jewson, N. and Walters, S. (2005) 'The shifting location of work: new statistical evidence on the spaces and places of employment', Work, Employment and Society, 19(2), pp.415-431.
Frijters, P., Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (2005) 'Job search methods and their success: A comparison of immigrants and natives in the UK', Economic Journal, 115, pp.F359-F376.
Frijters, P., Shields, M.A. and Wheatley Price, S. (2006) 'Investigating the quitting decision of nurses: Panel data evidence from the British National Health Service', Health Economics.
Rigg, J. (2006) Labour market disadvantage amongst disabled people: a longitudinal perspective, CASEpaper 103, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
Ma, A. H. Y. et al. (2006) 'Comparing the NES and LFS: an analysis of the differences between the data sets and their implications for the pattern of geographical pay in the UK', Regional Studies, 40(6), pp.645-665.
Siebert, W.S., Addison J. and Bailey, R. (2006) 'The impact of deunionisation on earnings dispersion revisited', Research in Labor Economics, pp.337-364. (Uses 1995 QLFS and 1983 GHS).
Elliott, R. F. et al. (2007) 'Geographically differentiated pay in the labour market for nurses', Journal of Health Economics, 26(1), pp.190-212.
Sriskandarajah, D., Cooley, L. and Kornblatt, T. (2007) Britain's immigrants: an economic profile: a report for Class Films and Channel 4 'Dispatches', London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
The LFS data have been used in constructing some of the UK labour market variables in the EU KLEMS database. Specific relevant documents include:
Timmer, M. et al. (prepared on behalf of the EU KLEMS Consortium) (2007) EUKLEMS growth and productivity accounts: part 1: methodology. This publication is available from http://www.euklems.net/
Timmer, M. et al. (prepared on behalf of the EU KLEMS Consortium) (2007) EUKLEMS growth and productivity accounts: part 2. This publication is available from http://www.euklems.net/
Data from the Labour Force Survey, 2002: Teaching Dataset (SN 4736) has been used for the following textbook:
Tarling, R. (2008) Statistical modelling for social researchers: principles and practice, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-44840-6.
Longhi S., Nicoletti C. and Platt L. (2009) 'Decomposing wage gaps across the pay distribution: investigating inequalities of ethno-religious groups and disabled people', ISER Working Paper 2009-31.
Longhi S. and Platt L. (2008) Pay gaps across equalities areas, EHRC Research Report 9. This publication is also available on the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.
Sutherland, J. (2009) Monitoring and ealuating the performance of the labour market in Scotland, Centre for Public Policy for Regions Working Paper No. 18, Glasgow: University of Glasgow.
Sutherland, J. (2009) Occupational change in Scotland, 2001-2008, Centre for Public Policy for Regions Working Paper No. 20, Glasgow: University of Glasgow.
Sutherland, J. (2009) 'Occupational change in Scotland, 2001–2008', Scottish Affairs, 69, Autumn.
Sutherland, J. (2010) 'The structure of employment and graduate employment in Scotland, 2001 -2009', The Fraser Economic Commentary, June.
Sumption, M. and Somerville, W. (2010) The UK's new Europeans: progress and challenges five years after accession, Equality and Human Rights Commission/Migration Policy Institute. ISBN 978 1 84206 252 4. This publication is also available on the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.
Davies, R. et al. (2011) An anatomy of economic inequality in Wales: A report prepared on behalf of the Wales Equality and Human Rights Commission, Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) Research Reports Series RRS/002, University of Cardiff. This publication is also available on the WISERD website.
Williams, B. (2011) A study of the UK labour market during the 2008/2009 UK recession, unpublished M.Sc. Economics dissertation, University of the West of England.
Forth, J., Bryson, A., Humphris, A., Kleiner, M. and Koumenta, M.(2011) A review of occupational regulation and its impact, UK Commission for Employment and Skills Evidence Report No. 40.
Urwin, P. and Buscha, F. (2012) Back to work: the role of small businesses in employment and enterprise, London: Federation of Small Businesses.
Davies R. (2012) Secondary analysis of the 2009 and 2010 ESF Leavers Surveys, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/130607esfsurvey2009-2010furtheranalysisen.pdf
Davies R., Makepeace G., Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2013) The 2011 ESF Leavers Survey, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/1306072011esfsurveyreportmainen.pdf
Davies R., Jones S, Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2013) The 2012 ESF Leavers Survey, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/report/140127esfleaverssurvey2012reporten.pdf
Blundell, R., Crawford, C. and Jin, W.(M.) (2013) What can wages and employment tell us about the UK's productivity puzzle?, IFS Working Papers, W13/11, June. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1311.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) When you are born matters: evidence for England, IFS Reports, R80, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0080.
Crawford, C., Dearden, L. and Greaves, E. (2013) The impact of age within academic year on adult outcomes, IFS Working Papers, W13/07, May. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/wp.ifs.2013.1307.
Cribb, J., Hood, A., Joyce, R. and Phillips, D. (2013) Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK, IFS Reports, R81. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0081.
Phillips, D. (2013) Government spending on benefits and state pensions in Scotland: current patterns and future issues, IFS Briefing Note, BN139. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies. doi: 10.1920/re.ifs.2013.0083.
Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) The UK's public finances in the long run: the IFS model, IFS Working Paper W13/29, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.
Amior, M., Crawford, R. and G. Tetlow (2013) Fiscal sustainability of an independent Scotland, IFS Report R88, Institute for Fiscal Studies, November.
Jones, M. and Wass, V.J. (2013) 'Understanding changing disability-related employment gaps in Britain 1998-2011', Work, Employment and Society, 27(6), pp.982-1003. doi: 10.1177/0950017013475372
Buscha, F. and Urwin, P. (2013) 'Pathways to employment: the role of small businesses in employing the unemployed and inactive', presented at The Labour Force Survey: Past, Present and Future conference, 28th November 2013, BIS Conference Centre.
Chevalier, A., Harmon, C., O'Sullivan, V. and Walker, I. (2013) 'The impact of parental income and education on the schooling of their children', IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2(8). doi:10.1186/2193-8997-2-8
Longhi S. and Taylor M. (2013) 'Employed and unemployed job seekers and the business cycle', Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, doi: 10.1111/obes.12029 Longer version: ISER Working Paper 2013-02, retrieved 17 February 2014 from https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/iser/2013-02.pdf
Longhi S., Taylor M. (2013) 'Occupational change and mobility among employed and unemployed job seekers', Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 60(1), pp.71-100.
Longhi S., Nicoletti C., Platt L. (2013) 'Explained and unexplained wage gaps across the main ethno-religious groups in Great Britain', Oxford Economic Papers, 65(2), pp.471-493.
Coleman, N; Sykes, W. and Groom, C. (2013) Barriers to employment and unfair treatment at work: a quantitative analysis of disabled people's experiences, Research Report no.88, Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission.
Jones, M and Wass, V. (2013) 'Understanding changing disability-related employment gaps in Britain 1998-2011', Work, Employment and Society, 27(6), December, pp.982-1003.
Bruzelius, C., Chase, E. and Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2014) 'Semi-sovereign welfare states, social rights of EU migrant citizens and the need for strong state capacities', Social Europe Journal, Research paper, No.3.
Longhi S. (2013) 'Impact of cultural diversity on wages, evidence from panel data', Regional Science and Urban Economics, 43(5), pp.797-807.
Longhi S. and Taylor M. (2014) 'Employed and unemployed job seekers and the business cycle', Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 76(4), pp.463-483. A longer version is available as ISER Working Paper 2013-02
Laurison, D. and Friedman, S. (2015) Introducing the class ceiling: social Mobility into Britain’s elite occupations, LSE Sociology Department Working Paper Series, LSE Academic Publishing: London School of Economics and Political Science.
Simister, J. and Holmes, H.L. (2015) 'Discrimination against ethnic minorities in Britain: why did racial discrimination increase from 2010 to 2015?', SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies (SSRG-IJEMS), 2(2). Retrieved April 15, 2015 from http://www.internationaljournalssrg.org/IJEMS/2015/Volume2-Issue2/IJEMS-V2I2P104.pdf
Simister, J. (2015) 'UK Government from 2010 to 2015: a case study in management', International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management, 2(4), April, pp.29-37. ISSN 2394-5931.
Hewett, R. and Keil, S. (2015) Investigation of data relating to blind and partially sighted people in the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Visual Impairment Centre for Teaching and Research, University of Birmingham.
Hewett, R. and Keil, S. (2015) Secondary analysis of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) EU disability module, Visual Impairment Centre for Teaching and Research, University of Birmingham.
Kenway, P., Bushe, S., Tinson, A. and Barry Born, T. (2015) Monitoring poverty and social exclusion in Scotland 2015, New Policy Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2015 from: http://npi.org.uk/files/6914/2736/4937/MPSE-scotland-full.pdf
MacInnes, T., Aldridge, H., Bushe, S., Tinson, A., Barry Born, T. (2015) Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2014, New Policy Institute. Retrieved July 20, 2015 from: http://npi.org.uk/files/8214/1658/1400/Monitoring_Poverty_and_Social_Exclusion_2014.pdf
Baumberg, B., Jones, M. and Wass, V. J. (2015) 'Disability prevalence and disability-related employment gaps in the UK 1998-2012: different trends in different surveys?', Social Science and Medicine, published online 13 July 2015. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.07.012
Vallance, P. (2015) 'Design employment in regional economies: industrial and occupational approaches', Local Economy, 30(6), pp.650-671.
Davies R., Jones S., Roche, N., Munday M., Winterbotham, M. and Williams G. (2015) The 2013 ESF Leavers Survey’, Merthyr: Welsh European Funding Office. Retrieved January 7, 2016, from http://gov.wales/docs/wefo/publications/150701the2013esfleaverssurvey.pdf
Parry, E. and Urwin, P. (2015) 'Age, generations and the labour market', in E. Parry (ed.) Age diversity in employment.
Urwin, P. and Parry, E. (2016) 'Two decades of employee retention, tenure and turnover', in C. Cooper and G. Saridakis (eds.) (The research handbook on employee turnover, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 978-1-78471-114-6.
Wakeling, P., Berrington, A. and Duta, A. (2015) Investigating an age threshold for independence at postgraduate level, Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England. Retrieved June 7th, 2016 from http://www.hefce.ac.uk/pubs/rereports/Year/2015/pgind/Title,105806,en.html